How to Prepare for Video Capsule Endoscopy

Your physician has determined that as part of your medical evaluation you should undergo an examination known as Capsule Endoscopy. This procedure involves ingesting a small (the size of a large vitamin pill) Given® Imaging M2AÒ Capsule which will pass naturally through your digestive system while taking pictures of the intestine. The images are transmitted to the Sensor Array™ which is placed on your abdomen. The Sensor Array is attached to a Walkman-like GivenÒ Data Recorder™ which saves all the images. It is located in the Recorder Belt™, which is worn around your waist. After 8 hours, you will remove the Recorder Belt and return it to your physician for processing. The M2A Capsule is disposable and will be excreted naturally, it will not need to be removed endoscopically or surgically. In order for your physician to get the most accurate information from this examination, you will need to follow the instructions below:

The Day Before Capsule Endoscopy:

  1. At 3 p.m. on the day before the Capsule Endoscopy examination, start a clear liquid diet. These are liquids which you can see through if held up to the light. Examples: Apple juice, White Grape Juice, White Cranberry Juice, Tea, Water, 7-Up, Sprite, Ginger Ale, Fresca, Bullion, or strained Chicken Broth. Also, you may have lemon or lime flavored Jell-O popsicles or sorbet. From midnight the evening before the Capsule Endoscopy, do not eat or drink except necessary medication with a sip of water. Do not eat or drink anything red. It is very important to drink as much liquid as possible.
  2. Do not take any food, liquids or medication beginning 3hours before undergoing Capsule Endoscopy.
  3. Abstain from smoking 24 hours prior to undergoing Capsule Endoscopy.
  4. Male patients should shave their abdomen/chest 10 inches (25 centimeters) above the navel and 7 inches below navel on the day of the examination. If it is difficult for you to shave your abdomen, please contact your physician’s office to arrange to have this done in advance.
  5. Purchase one (1) ten (10) ounce bottle of magnesium citrate (lemon/lime only), and drink it slowly at 7:00 p.m. the evening before your procedure.


Day of Capsule Endoscopy:

  1. Arrive at your physician’s office at the designated time for your Capsule Endoscopy dressed in loose fitting, two-piece clothing.
  2. At your physician’s office, you will have a pre-procedure interview. During this interview, you should be informed that Capsule Endoscopy is associated with a small chance of intestinal obstruction. You will be checked-in and asked to give your Informed Consent.
  3. The Sensor Array will be applied to your abdomen and adhesive pads will be connected to the Data Recorder which you will wear in a belt around your waist. After that you will be instructed to ingest the M2A Capsule.

After Ingesting the M2AÒ Capsule:


  1. After ingesting the M2A Capsule, do not eat or drink for at least 2 hours. After 2 hours, liquids are allowed. After 4 hours you may have a light snack. After the examination is completed, you may return to your normal diet. The above instructions related to eating apply, unless your physician specifies otherwise. Contact your physician immediately if you suffer from any abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting during Capsule Endoscopy.
  2. After ingesting the M2A Capsule and until it is excreted, you should not be near any source of powerful electromagnetic fields such as one created near and MRI device or amateur (ham) radio.
  3. Occasionally, some images may be lost due to radio interference (e.g. from amateur radio transmitter, MRI, etc.). On rare occasions this may result in the need to repeat the Capsule Endoscopy Examination. In this case, the physician will advise you to stay within the premises of the clinic during the Capsule Endoscopy to prevent this problem from recurring.
  4. Capsule Endoscopy lasts approximately 8 hours and is considered complete according to your physician’s instructions. Do not disconnect the equipment or remove the belt at any time during this period. Since the Data Recorder is actually a small computer, it should be treated with utmost care and protection. Avoid sudden movement and banging of the Data Recorder.
  5. During Capsule Endoscopy, you will need to verify every 15 minutes that the small light on top of the Data Recorder is blinking twice per second. If, for some reason it stops blinking at this rate, record the time and contact your physician. You should also record the time and nature of any event such as eating, drinking, your activity and unusual sensations. Return the Event Form with these notes to your physician at the time you return the equipment.
  6. Avoid any strenuous physical activity especially if it involves sweating and do not bend over or stoop during the Capsule Endoscopy.
  7. Return between 3:30 – 4:00 p.m.

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